Efficacy of using oregano essential oil and carvacrol to remove young and mature Staphylococcus aureus biofilms on food-contact surfaces of stainless steel
Jessica Bezerra dos Santos RodriguesNeyrijane Targino de SouzaJoão Otavio Alcântara ScaranoJanaína Maria de SousaMyrella Cariry LiraRegina Célia Bressan Queiroz de FigueiredoEvandro Leite de SouzaMarciane Magnani
a Department of Food Engineering, Center for Technology, Federal University of Paraiba, João Pessoa, Brazil
b Laboratory of Microbiology, Research Center Aggeu Magalhães (CPqAM), FIOCRUZ, Recife, Brazil
c Department of Nutrition, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Paraiba, João Pessoa, Brazil
This study assessed the efficacy of using the essential oil from Origanum vulgare L. (oregano; OVEO) and carvacrol (CAR) to remove biofilms formed on stainless steel surfaces. The sessile cells counts (SSC) in young and mature biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus on AISI304 surfaces were assessed after 10- and 15-min exposure to OVEO and CAR. Scanning electron microscopy analysis was performed to assess the ultrastructure of sessile cells. The decrease in the initial SCC varied with the test strain, assayed OVEO or CAR concentration and exposure time, however, no differences were observed between young and mature biofilms. A 10-min exposure to 10 μL/mL OVEO or 5 μL/mL CAR caused a decrease ≥2 log CFU/cm2 in the SCC of young and mature biofilms formed by both S. aureus strains tested. No SCC (<1 log CFU/cm2) in young or mature S. aureus LPMA63 biofilms were detected after a 15-min exposure to 10 μL/mL OVEO or 5 μL/mL CAR. Sessile cells exposed to OVEO or CAR presented irregular morphology with bubbles or spots on their surface. Holes on cell membranes were observed in sessile cells exposed to CAR. OVEO and CAR were effective to remove young and mature biofilms on stainless steel surfaces.
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